Academia Journal of Medicine <p><strong>Academia Journal of Medicine (AJM)</strong> is an open-access; freely accessible, online and print Bi-Annual peer-reviewed international journal publishes a wide spectrum of advanced research in different fields of clinical medicine, covering etiology, diagnosis, therapy and prognosis aspects.<br><strong>Online ISSN: 2663-8290 | Print ISSN: 2663-8282</strong></p> Medjournal en-US Academia Journal of Medicine 2663-8282 Artificial Intelligence in Pediatric Dentistry <p>Artificial intelligence (AI) has gained significant momentum in the field of pediatric dentistry, with applications aimed at improving diagnostics, treatment planning, patient engagement, and research. The integration of AI technologies in dental practices offers potential to enhance the accuracy of diagnoses, predict treatment outcomes, customize patient-specific treatments, and streamline practice management. AI-driven tools, such as machine learning algorithms, can analyze complex dental data, including radiographs, photographs, and clinical notes, to aid in early detection and management of oral diseases prevalent in children. Moreover, AI can provide educational resources tailored to young patients, fostering better oral health habits.</p> Sharvani Dr. Kuruva Balakrishna Dr. K. Madhavi Krishna Dr. M. Santosh Kumar Dr. KVK Dr. Navaneet Babu Senapathi Pavani Reddy Dr. S. Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 7 1 1 5 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.1 Digitalization of Pediatric Dentistry: A Review <p>In recent years, digitization has revolutionized various sectors, with pediatric dentistry being no exception. This review comprehensively summarizes the impacts and advancements of digitization in pediatric dentistry. The utilization of digital technologies has notably enhanced diagnostic accuracy, treatment planning, patient engagement, and educational tools for both dental practitioners and their young patients. Through the integration of digital radiography, intraoral scanning, three-dimensional printing, and teledentistry, the field has seen improvements in patient comfort, reduced procedure durations, and the personalization of dental care. The review aims to highlight the latest developments, potential challenges, and future directions in the digital realm of pediatric dentistry.</p> Dr. Prudhvi Kumar Bellapukonda Dr Akhila Sirin Koyyalamudi Dr. Usha Madhuri CH Dr. Malathi Yenni Dr. Apoorva G Dr. P V M Uday Mohan A Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-02-25 2024-02-25 7 1 6 10 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.2 Immediate Loading of Single Implant in the Aesthetic Zone: A Case Report <p>An implant-supported restoration in the anterior zone must produce the best possible aesthetic outcome. Providing rapid interim restorations after implant surgery has been suggested as a preferable course of therapy in the aesthetic zone. Following implant implantation, a well-contoured interim restoration reduces alterations to the hard and soft tissues surrounding the implant. The aesthetic result and, thus, patient satisfaction may be improved as a result. To get the desired outcome, several prosthetic and surgical components must be properly designed and carried out. This case report describes the immediate loading of a single implant in the aesthetic zone.</p> Dr. Grazina Fernandes Dr. Meena A. Aras Dr. Vidya Chitre Dr. Ivy Coutinho Dr. Kennedy Mascarenhas Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 7 1 11 17 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.3 To Determine the Prevalence of Cysts and Tumors in Dental College <p>This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of cysts and tumors among patients attending a dental college. Utilizing retrospective data analysis, a significant sample size was examined. Findings reveal critical insights into occurrence rates, contributing to improved diagnostic and therapeutic strategies within the dental community.</p> Dr. Puja Saha Dr. Rashmit Kumar Dr. Debeswar Das Dr. Kumar Vishwajit Dr. Rakhee Sinha Dr. Vaibhav Jyoti Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 7 1 18 23 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.4 Primary Implant Stability: A Crucial Pillar in Implantology <p>A good implant integration and long-term favourable clinical outcome are positively correlated with a secure primary (mechanical) stability of the implant. Consequently, in order to guarantee a successful osseointegration, it is crucial to evaluate the initial stability at various time points. This review explores the importance of the primary and secondary implant stability and various tools and instruments to measure the primary implant stability, and also explains about factors affecting the implant primary stability. Dental implant design and its length, diameter, thread depth plays an important role in obtaining the primary implant stability.This review describes different ways to obtain primary stability in compromised bone such aslow density bone and regenerated bone.</p> Dr. Grazina Fernandes Dr. Meena A. Aras Dr. Vidya Chitre Dr. Ivy Coutinho Dr. P. Karthikeyan Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 7 1 24 34 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.5 Optimal Placement Site and Angulation for Infrazygomatic Screw’s Insertion – A CBCT Study <p>Anchorage control acts as foundation of the orthodontic force system. Any undesirable movement of tooth should be controlled otherwise existing malocclusion will worsen and to prevail over this unwanted movement skeletal anchorage has been introduced in orthodontic treatment. Infrazygomatic screws are introduced to provide good anchorage control. The study was conducted to determine optimal site and angulation for placement of Infrazygomatic screw. Study includes thirty patients (15 male and 15 female) above 18 years of age. IZC bone thickness and height are measured using cone beam computed tomographic images. Theia imaging software is used for linear and angular measurement. One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test was used to determine the relation between bone thickness at different angle. Study concluded that with increase in insertion angle, infrazygomatic crest bone thickness increases. The best site for mini screw insertion in IZC is at angle of 70° in Durg population.</p> Dr. Srishti Hariharno Dr. Tanuj Choudhari Dr. Shirish Goel Dr. Neeraj Gupta Dr. Aman Kumar Dr. Sham Susar Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 7 1 35 43 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.6 An In-Vitro Study to Find the of Frequency of MB2 Canal in Permanent Maxillary Molars <p>Present in-vitro research conducted to find out the frequency of second mesiobuccal canals in permanent maxillary molars. Eighty extracted, intact maxillary permanent molars were selected for the present study. Following that, a slow-speed diamond disc was used to divide the occlusal sections of the crowns at the cement-enamel junction. Using a safe-end diamond bur, overhanging dentin that covered the canal orifices was removed to allow straight line visibility. Under an x8 magnification, the teeth were photographed from their occlusal side. Result showed that the first and second maxillary molars, MB2 canals were found in 70% and 55%, respectively. In conclusion it is crucial during endodontic procedures on maxillary molars to cautiously check pulpal floor to detect any "extra" canals, notably the second mesiobuccal canal, by scraping away the constrictive dentin above the orifices.</p> Dr. Sindhoori Harikumar Dr. Lekha Nalluri Dr. Pujitha Yalavarthy Dr. Ravali Jangala Dr. Deep Solanki Dr. Abhay Kapoor Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-23 2024-04-23 7 1 44 48 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.7 Application of CBCT in Oral Medicine: A Review <p>Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) represents a significant advancement in the field of Oral Medicine, offering three-dimensional imaging that provides detailed anatomical information. This imaging technique has revolutionized the way clinicians diagnose, plan treatment, and manage a wide range of dental and maxillofacial conditions. The applications of CBCT in Oral Medicine are vast, ranging from implantology and orthodontics to endodontics and maxillofacial surgery. This paper explores the key applications of CBCT in oral health care, emphasizing its advantages over traditional two-dimensional imaging techniques, and discusses the implications of its use in clinical practice.</p> Dr. Abhishek Pandey Dr. Dhiral Vijayavargiya Dr. Priyabrata Jena Dr. Pujitha Yalavarthy Dr. Lekha Nalluri Dr. Saurabh Prakash Vairagade Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 49 53 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.8 Recent Advances in Local Anesthesia: Review of Literature <p>Even if local anaesthetic remains the mainstay of pain management in dentistry, research will continue to hunt for innovative and more effective strategies to control the pain. The majority of research efforts are focused on developing anaesthetic medicines, delivery systems, and related approaches. Modern dentistry techniques enable dentists to provide better pain management with less painful injections and unfavourable side effects. The current review of the literature aims to compile persuasive evidence for dentists about the use of modern local anaesthetics, various techniques, and tactics to lessen pain while delivering anaesthesia and so enhance patient comfort.</p> Dr. Vaishali Pagare Dr. Piyush Dua Dr. Ankita Gupta Dr. Gunmeek Kaur Dr. Aanchal Banka Dr. Brijesh Byrappa Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-04-29 2024-04-29 7 1 54 60 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.9 Utilization of ChatGPT in Dental Healthcare <p>The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) in the field of dentistry has been gaining prominence, with Chatbot Generative Pretrained Transformer (ChatGPT), emerging as a pivotal tool. ChatGPT's applications span a myriad of functionalities including diagnostic aid, educational support, and patient interaction.</p> Dr. Sanjula Sirohi Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-05-21 2024-05-21 7 1 61 64 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.10 In-vitro Study Comparing the Shear Bond Values of Zirconia-reinforced Glass Ionomer Cement and Conventional Glass Ionomer Cement <p>The goal of the current study was to compare the shear bond values of zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement and conventional glass ionomer cement. A collection of 20 extracted premolars with unbroken buccal or lingual surfaces was made. The whole sample was randomly split into two groups: Group A (n=10) which was Conventional Glass Ionomer Cement and Group B (n=10) which was Zirconia Reinforced Glass Ionomer Cement (Zirconomer). The process of thermocycling was used to mimic oral conditions. Using a universal testing machine, the shear bond strength (SBS) was measured after 24 hours at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute until fracture. After tabulating the results, statistical analysis was done. The findings indicated that Zirconomer exhibited a statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) higher shear bond strength when compared to traditional glass ionomer cement.</p> Dr. Archna Singh Dr. Soumalya Banerjee Dr. Rupa Singh Dr. Saurabh Prakash Vairagade Dr. Karteek Eswara Dr. Arindam Banik Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s) 2024-05-29 2024-05-29 7 1 65 70 10.62245/ajm.v7.i1.11